For more than 20 years, Trinity Consultants has assisted facilities in the aerospace industry with regulatory compliance and environmental management issues.
Trinity has a long history of assisting facilities with their regulatory compliance and environmental management systems.
Trinity helps chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturers to achieve regulatory and environmental compliance.
Trinity provides dispersion modeling, permitting, and compliance support for coastal operations in the Outer Continental Shelf, Deepwater Ports, and liquefied natural gas terminals.
Trinity has assisted clients with nearly 500 power-related projects, offering an array of services.
Trinity Consultants assists food and beverage manufacturers with a wide variety of environmental permitting and compliance needs including Dust Hazards Analysis and refrigerant management.
Due to their nature, “general manufacturing” facilities are often faced with reviewing a wide range of regulations to determine applicability.
Trinity provides a variety of services to government entities, including environmental permitting and compliance management.
Trinity Consultants has long been committed to assisting lime and aggregates facilities with their regulatory compliance needs.
Trinity takes pride in understanding the regulatory issues affecting our clients’ facilities and their industry.
Oil and gas facilities must contend with a variety of regulatory compliance and environmental management demands.
Trinity helps petroleum refineries to achieve compliance with complex environmental regulatory requirements.
Trinity Consultants has long been committed to assisting cement facilities with their regulatory compliance and environmental management needs.
Trinity has extensive experience assisting the pulp and paper industry with its regulatory compliance and environmental management requirements.
Railroads are faced with rapidly evolving state, regional, and federal regulatory framework in the United States.
For more than 25 years, Trinity Consultants has assisted facilities in the semiconductor industry.
Trinity prepares hundreds of air quality compliance reports for landfills and industrial facilities across the United States on an annual basis.
Trinity Consultants has performed nearly 800 environmental permitting and compliance projects for clients with terminal operations, providing cost-effective, timely solutions that enhance compliance while maintaining operational flexibility.
For nearly 30 years, Trinity Consultants has assisted facilities such as those in the highly regulated wood products industry.
On July 8, EPA Administrator Andrew R. Wheeler signed proposed amendments to 40 CFR 63 Subpart DDDDD (the Boiler MACT). These amendments are being proposed in response to a U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (D.C. Circuit) »
On July 31, 2020, the Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) proposed new regulations to reduce vented and fugitive emissions of methane from new and existing natural gas facilities within the state of Maryland. The proposed regulations will »
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) was enacted by Congress in 1980 and amended in 1986. Also referred to as the Superfund law, CERCLA's major emphasis is on cleaning up inactive hazardous waste sites »
Last year, Trinity Consultants gave a fresh branding to the Trinity Technology Team (formerly known as T3) and is now known as EHS Digital Solutions. This re-branding does not change our focus on delivering information solutions uncommonly well; »
Trinity's Environmental Quarterly (EQ) magazine covers environmental regulatory developments as well as topics related to corporate environmental performance.
all issues from 2009
These papers, presentations, and articles were authored by the staff of Trinity Consultants for presentation at various conferences.
all papers & presentations
Since its founding in 1974, Trinity has expanded its geographic footprint and breadth of services. We attribute our continued growth to a focus on cornerstone values of top-notch technical performance and excellence in client service.
Accurately assessing secondary pollutant impacts (e.g. PM2.5 and Ozone) as part of a PSD demonstration can range from simple qualitative and quantitative discussions, to photochemical modeling that can cost hundreds of thousands of dollars and »
The Kentucky Emissions Inventory System (KyEIS) emission survey responses are due on April 15th. Applicable sources are required to provide information on calendar-year process rates and fuel usage through the survey, in order to calculate actual »
It is common for stationary sources to discharge visible emissions into the atmosphere. These visible emissions, referred to as plumes, can appear as either black or white smoke. Plumes are judged based on their opacity (i.e., the degree to which »
The Kentucky Energy & Environmental Cabinet is proposing to move to a hybrid fee schedule, involving both a variable annual emissions fee (consistent with past practice), based on the amount of actual subject emissions, and a new flat annual base »
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is planning to inspect numerous Kentucky facilities during the remainder of 2018 to evaluate compliance with Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) requirements. During the Meet with the Regulators »
The Kentucky Division for Air Quality (KDAQ) regulates potentially hazardous matter or toxic substances (commonly referred to as toxic air pollutants or “TAPs”) through 401 KAR 63:020. This regulation applies to each affected facility that emits or »
Kentucky's Department for Environmental Protection (DEP) is in the process of revising its approach to eForm submissions. This update will impact electronic submittal requirements for most air quality-related documents filed by Kentucky sources. »
On January 21, 2016, Governor Matt Bevin announced that Kentucky's Energy and Environment Cabinet (EEC) is working to request an extension from the EPA related to the Clean Power Plan put forth by the Obama Administration. According to the ECC, if »
The Kentucky Division of Compliance Assistance (DCA) has created a new guide that will help businesses understand the processes for developing and submitting permit applications, registrations, and no-permit required requests to the Kentucky »
In January 2015, the Kentucky Division for Air Quality requested that the EPA consider 2014 PM2.5 monitoring data, (which shows significant emission reductions in the area) before designations become effective April 15, 2015. Based on the 2014 »
Have you ever wondered what the small buildings along the side of the road, surrounded by a fence and topped with a strange contraption were? Those are Kentucky's air monitoring stations and they play a vital role in assessing the air quality in the »
On June 23, 2014, the United States Supreme Court issued a decision addressing the application of stationary source air permitting requirements to greenhouse gases (GHG), Utility Air Regulatory Group v. Environmental Protection Agency (No. 12-1146). »
On January 8, 2014, the U.S. EPA proposed a new source performance standard (NSPS) for emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) for new affected fossil fuel-fired electric utility generating units, which was published in the Federal Register and made »
The U.S. EPA released the final rules for boilers located at area sources (Subpart JJJJJJ) on February 1, 2013. An area source under this subpart is any stationary source of hazardous air pollutants that is not a major source. A major source is any »
The Kentucky Division of Air Quality's (KDAQ) Field Operations Branch is now accepting reports electronically. The Field Operations Branch's Compliance Report Submittals eForm can be used for permit-required reports, including annual compliance »
On September 16, 2013, the Secretary of the Energy and Environment Cabinet (EEC), Mr. Leonard K. Peters appointed Mr. John Lyons as Assistant Secretary for Climate Policy. In his memo to EEC staff, Secretary Peters believed it was important that »
Since his appointment as the Assistant Secretary for Climate Policy, Mr. John Lyons has been presenting information based on a White Paper called "Greenhouse Gas Policy Implications for Kentucky under Section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act" to various »
Lauren Anderson, executive director of the Louisville Metro Air Pollution Control District (LMAPCD) since August 2008, retired at the end of October. She resigned amid several state audits that found serious flaws in the District's air monitoring »
The USEPA Region 4 published its final version of the technical systems audit (TSA) on LMAPCD' fine particulate matter (PM2.5) weighing laboratory program on September 10, 2013. The findings of the audit meant that Region 4 invalidated the PM2.5 »
On June 26-27 and July 3, 2013, personnel from the Kentucky Division for Air Quality's Technical Services Branch conducted an extensive audit of the LMAPCD ozone monitoring data collected between January 2012 and April 2013. The audit included a »
On March 12, 2008, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) set National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone at 0.075 parts per million (ppm). As a first step in implementing the 2008 ozone standards, EPA required states »
On June 20, 2012, KDAQ issued proposed revisions to their New Source Review (NSR) regulations: 1) to address the promulgation by EPA in October 2010 of the PM2.5 Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) Increments, Significant Impact Levels »
The reporting season arrives again for Kentucky facilities with annual compliance certifications (ACC) as well as semiannual monitoring reports due on January 30, 2013. Properly assessing compliance with all air permit requirements and ensuring »
On September 2, 2011, President Obama issued a statement requesting that EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson withdraw the reconsideration of the 2008 Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) based on the "importance of reducing regulatory »
In June 2011, States submitted recommendations to the EPA on which areas should be designated non-attainment with respect to the new 1-hour SO2 National Ambient Air Quality Standard that was promulgated on June 22, 2010. Based only on data from »
On June 2, 2011, Kentucky proposed Jefferson County as a nonattainment area for the 1-hour SO2 NAAQS based on monitoring data from the two SO2 monitors in the county that violated the standard during the three-year period from 2008 through 2010 »
On June 6, 2011, KDAQ held a public hearing to address a proposed increase in the Title V emissions fees assessed on Title V permit holders in Kentucky. The Clean Air Act (CAA) Amendments of 1990 establishing the Title V permitting program requires »
Most facilities and suppliers that trigger greenhouse gas (GHG) reporting to the EPA in March 2011 will be affected to some degree by EPA's recently signed revisions to certain provisions of the GHG Reporting Rule under 40 CFR Part 98. These new »
A decision regarding the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone, expected at the end of October 2010, has been delayed. In a motion filed with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit in November, EPA predicted »
Rick Shewekah was recently appointed to the position of KDAQ Permit Review Branch Manager previously held by Ralph Gosney. Mr. Shewekah has been with the Division for 16 years, previously serving as the Supervisor of KDAQ's Surface Coating Section »
Two memorandums posted by the U.S. EPA on its Support Center for Regulatory Atmospheric Modeling (SCRAM) website on February 25th and 26th have caused a stir in the regulated community given their implications for facilities that are or will be »
In late January 2010, Ralph Gosney, the Manager of the Permit Review Branch, resigned from his position choosing to accept a new position within the Kentucky Department for Natural Resources. Ralph had been in the position since February 2008. Ralph »
On January 15, 2010, EPA announced in a final rule that it was correcting Kentucky's SIP to remove the general prohibitory air toxics rule in 401 KAR 63:020 upon KDAQ's request. EPA determined that it was not correct to incorporate 401 KAR 63:020 »
On January 6, 2010, EPA proposed to further lower the 8-hour primary ozone standard from 0.075 ppm, set in March 2008, to a level within the range of 0.060 - 0.070 ppm to protect public health. EPA is also proposing a new cumulative, seasonal »
On January 22, 2010, the EPA established a new one-hour National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) at 100 parts per billion (ppb) (approximately 189 ug/m3). The new 1-hour standard is calculated as the three-year »
On March 12, 2008, EPA revised the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone, lowering the primary 8-hour standard from 84 ppb to 75 ppb and setting the secondary 8-hour standard identical to the primary standard. Challenges were filed by the »
On February 24, 2009, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit remanded the annual PM2.5 National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) citing EPA's failure to adequately explain why retaining the 1997annual PM2.5 NAAQS of 15 μg/m3 was »
On September 14, 2009, KDAQ filed emergency regulations (401 KAR 51:001E, 401 KAR 51:017E, and 401 KAR 51:052E) to address State Implementation Plan (SIP) deficiencies related to the New Source Review (NSR) Program. In contrast to federal »
On November 25, 2009, the Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet (EEC) submitted a request to EPA to redesignate Boone, Kenton, and Campbell Counties in Northern Kentucky as in attainment of the original 8-hour ozone standard (84 ppb) based on »
The reporting season arrives again for Kentucky facilities in January 2010 with annual compliance certifications as well as semiannual monitoring reports due on January 30, 2010. Properly assessing compliance with all air permit requirements and »
On December 7, 2009, EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson signed two important findings, clearing the way for EPA to regulate greenhouse gases under the Clean Air Act. The "Endangerment Finding" clarifies EPA's belief that current and projected »
An update to the AERMOD dispersion model was released by EPA on October 23, 2009. This new release, version 09292, contains a number of modifications and enhancements to the previous version (07026). A detailed list of changes can be found in the »
On November 20, 2009, EPA made public some interesting charts that show how SO2 emissions from coal-fired power plants have changed since the Acid Rain Program was established under the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. The interactive motion charts in »
Trinity Consultants is an active and contributing member of the Kentucky Chamber of Commerce. Along with over 20 other prominent Kentucky environmental professionals, two senior managers at Trinity will speak at the Chamber's 12th Annual Kentucky »
Modelers on Trinity's Kentucky office staff will be well represented at the upcoming Guideline on Air Quality Models conference sponsored by the Air & Waste Management Association (AWMA). This conference will be held October 28-29 in Raleigh, NC »
Appendix W of 40 Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR) Part 51 (Guideline on Air Quality Models) recommends the CALPUFF modeling system for long-range transport dispersion modeling analyses, especially for applications related to Class I Area »
On August 12, 2009, EPA created a significant stir in the regulated community when it issued an Order that signals a significant shift in how the agency desires PM2.5 emissions to be regulated. The Order addresses remaining issues identified in »
In July, the Louisville Metro Air Pollution Control District (APCD) issued a notice of proposed rulemaking informing the public that amendments to the regulations implementing the STAR program would soon be proposed through formal rulemaking. The »
In July, EPA sent Section 114 request letters to approximately 300 sources nationwide as part of an Information Collection Request (ICR) seeking data to revise the National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Industrial, Commercial, »
The American Clean Energy and Security (ACES) Act of 2009, drafted by Representatives Henry Waxman (D-CA) and Edward Markey (D-MA), passed the House of Representatives by a narrow margin on June 26, 2009. The Act now moves forward to the Senate, »
On June 29th, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed to create a new primary one-hour national ambient air quality standard for nitrogen dioxide at a level between 0.080 parts per million and 0.100 ppm (151 μg/m3 and 189 μg/m3). The »
As reported in Trinity's January 2009 Kentucky Regulatory Update, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (D.C. Circuit Court) vacated two requirements in the NESHAP General Provisions [40 CFR §63.6(f)(1) and »
On March 10, 2009, EPA proposed federal GHG reporting requirements that will require an estimated 13,000 sources to annually report CO2e emissions. The rule draws on reporting protocols already established by other government and voluntary »
On April 27, 2009, EPA amended the eligibility criteria for submitting a Form A Certification Statement in lieu of the more detailed Form R for facilities subject to TRI reporting under Section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community »
On May 27, 2009, EPA issued a supplemental proposal addressing amendments to the New Source Performance Standard (NSPS) for Coal Preparation Plants, 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart Y, that would make revisions to the original proposal issued on April 28, »
On May 6, 2009, EPA released proposed changes to the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for the Portland Cement Manufacturing Industry (40 CFR Part 63 Subpart LLL). The proposed rule addresses virtually all of the relevant »
Trinity will hold its next "Air Regulations and Permitting in Kentucky" course on December 3, 2009 in Bowling Green, KY. This course provides structured training on federal and Kentucky air quality regulations, the air permitting process in »
Based on its periodic review of the NAAQS for ozone required under the CAA, EPA promulgated revisions to the primary and secondary 8-hr ozone NAAQS on March 27,2008, lowering the level of the 8-hour standard from 0.084 ppm to 0.075 ppm. Under the »
In keeping with President Obama's commitment to address climate change, EPA is pursuing multiple pathways related to CO2 regulation. Endangerment Finding In late February, new EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson indicated EPA's intention to issue a CO2 »
Following the release of a new version of the AERMAP processor on February 9, 2009, EPA released an updated version of their AERMOD Implementation Guide on March 19, 2009. The Implementation Guide, which was previously updated in January 2008, »
In December 2008, USA TODAY published a special report titled "The Smokestack Effect," which discussed the results of a nationwide study to determine the level of toxic air pollutants outside of nearly 128,000 schools. The study used an EPA model, »
Over the last year, the EPA has issued several hazardous air pollutant (HAP) rules for non-major sources of HAPs, otherwise known as area sources. Area source standards are generally less stringent than the major source standards, relying on »
On February 1, 2009, the Division for Air Quality finalized the repeal of 401 KAR 52:080 Regulatory Limits on Potential to Emit. This rule allowed sources who's potential to emit is greater than the Title V major source threshold but whose actual »
On February 24, 2009, the U.S. Court of Appeals issued its decision in American Farm Bureau v. EPA, a high profile case involving many states, environmental organizations and industry groups which considered several challenges to EPA's most recent »
Tony Schroeder, a Senior Consultant within Trinity Consultants' Covington, Kentucky office, has earned the nationally recognized Certified Consulting Meteorologist (CCM) designation by the American Meteorological Society.The CCM designation is »
On January 15, 2009, the Department for Environmental Protection, Division for Air Quality, proposed additional amendments to the regulations under 401 KAR 59:015 regarding standards of performance for new indirect heat exchangers (IHEs) based on »
The NESHAP for Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacturing facilities promulgated on May 10, 2008 requires affected facilities to submit the first semiannual compliance report on February 28, 2009. Although the MON and all other referenced NESHAP Subparts »
On January 12, 2009, EPA issued a final rule that revises the agency's policy on "aggregation" set forth in the New Source Review (NSR) aggregation rule as proposed in the September 14, 2006 Federal Register. Aggregation is the combining of two or »
On January 14, 2009, the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and the Sierra Club petitioned U.S. EPA to reopen National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) established under Clean Air Act Section 112 for at least 34 »
On October 10, 2008, the Department for Environmental Protection, Division for Air Quality, proposed amendments to the regulations under 401 KAR 59:015 regarding standards of performance for new indirect heat exchangers (IHEs) with heat input »
On December 19, 2008, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit decided a case that could affect any facility subject to a MACT standard should the decision withstand anticipated appeals. The Court heard a case brought by Sierra »
The Department for Environmental Protection (DEP) recently announced the development of the Division for Air Quality (DAQ) Web-Survey, a web based application allowing facilities to submit required air emissions inventory data over the Internet. »
In early December, USA Today published a special report entitled "The Smokestack Effect - Toxic Air and America's Schools" specifically focusing on air toxic concentration levels around America's schools. The newspaper teamed with researchers from »
On August 27, 2008, the Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet (KEEC) filed a request with the Legislative Research Commission (LRC) to repeal 401 KAR 52:080. When repealed, this change will require that "Covered Sources" transition from State »
EPA is requesting comment by October 30, 2008 on its Interim Approach to Applying its Audit Policy to New Owners. EPA's April 11, 2000 policy on "Incentives for Self-Policing: Discovery, Disclosure, Correction and Prevention of Violations," is »
The Senate Environment and Public Works (EPW) Committee approved a measure that would create a national registry of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The legislation (S. 1387) would expand upon the requirements inserted into the fiscal year 2008 »
In December 2007, states and tribes were required to submit their recommendations to EPA for attainment and nonattainment areas with respect to the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 standards. On August 19, 2008, EPA responded to these submittals with their own »
John Colebrook, a consultant in Trinity's Kentucky office, recently authored "Coal Gasification, a Promising Technology" that was published in the July/August 2008 edition of Electric Light & Power (ELP), a resource for utility executives. The »
We are pleased to announce that Mr. George Schewe, a respected Certified Consulting Meteorologist (CCM) and Qualified Environmental Professional (QEP), with 33 years of air quality consulting experience has joined our Covington, Kentucky office. Mr. »
With insufficient votes to override an expected veto by President George Bush, debate on the Lieberman-Warner Climate Security Act (which would have imposed limits on greenhouse gas emissions and established a cap-and-trade system) in the Senate »
In light of the above developments and U.S. EPA's requirement to promulgate new standards for boilers at both major and area sources of HAP, U.S. EPA prepared a "Boiler MACT Survey" and distributed it to more than 3,500 affected sources, having »
In 2004, U.S. EPA promulgated the National Emissions Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) to address emissions of major sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) from Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boiler and Process Heaters. »
During the week of September 2, 2008, the KDAQ offices moved from the previous Schenkel Lane address to a new location on Fair Oaks Lane. The new contact information for KDAQ is as follows: 200 Fair Oaks Lane Frankfort, KY 40601 Phone: (502) »
In a tremendous blow to both air quality and U.S. EPA's ability to implement market-based programs, on July 11, 2008 the DC Circuit Court of Appeals rejected the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) rule in its entirety, effectively voiding the rule »
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